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Chinese President Xi Jinping told U.S. President Donald Trump on Tuesday that history showed cooperation was the best way forward for both the United States and China.

In a congratulatory message to Trump, marking 40 years since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries, Xi said China-U.S. relations have experienced ups and downs but have made historic progress over the past four decades, according to state news agency Xinhua.

Xi’s comments came on the back of Trump’s tweet that a “long and very good call ” had taken place between the two.

Both Trump and Xi agreed to a 90-day pause in tariff escalation in December 2018. The two countries have made plans for face-to-face consultations over trade in January, China’s Commerce Ministry said recently.

The ongoing Sino-U.S. trade war dominated headlines for much of 2018 as they rattled global stocks, with both Chinese and U.S. markets seeing their worst annual performances in a decade.

Xi is also set to deliver a major speech in Beijing on Wednesday about China’s relations with Taiwan, a highly sensitive issue dominating Chinese politics, according to local media.

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Analysts say shares of Chinese tech giant Tencent are still a buy

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The comments from the analysts came after Tencent posted a more-than-expected 32 percent decline in fourth quarter profit on Thursday — its largest since going public in 2004.

That was partly due to a slowdown in growth at its mobile gaming division, which was hit by a nine-month backlog in 2018 as a result of increased scrutiny from the Chinese government on video games. The firm, best known for creating China’s largest messaging app, WeChat, is a gaming powerhouse with stakes in companies such as Activision Blizzard and Ubisoft.

Tencent President Martin Lau said on Thursday the company’s gaming releases in China for 2019 would be initially slower than in previous years, due to the large backlog of requests over on the Chinese regulators’ end, Reuters reported. Tencent will seek to grow gaming revenue from overseas markets by exporting its games and investing, Lau said.

“We see robust traction in new game approvals, with Tencent securing seven new mobile licenses since (December),” Jefferies analysts Karen Chan and Ken Chong said in a note.

Citi’s Yap echoed that view, saying: “We do believe right now (the Chinese government) is very diligently moving ahead on the approval process,” though domestic titles were likely to be prioritized over foreign ones.

Tencent has yet to obtain approval to sell in-game items for titles such as the international smash-hit “Fortnite,” which has already raked in billions overseas, in China.

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German 10-year bond yield turns negative for the first time since October 2016

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Germany’s 10-year government bond yields slipped into negative territory on Friday for the first time since October 2016.

Hitting a low of -0.001 percent, the 10-year bond yield’s downturn comes amid rising concern about the direction of the euro zone’s largest economy, with a string of weak data in recent months fueling speculation that Germany could be heading for recession.

Holger Schmieding, chief economist at Berenberg told CNBC Friday that the move in bond yield was primarily due to “Brexit scare”and “further softening of export outlook in manufacturing PMIs.”

IHS Markit’s PMI survey published Friday revealed that Germany’s manufacturing sector contracted for the third consecutive month in March, with output growth nearing a six-year low.

German government 10-year bond, an important benchmark for European fixed income assets, is viewed as a safe-haven for investors. In times of uncertainty and challenging market environment, investors tend to move their investments from riskier assets into safe-havens like gold and German government bonds. The bond yields hitting negative territory shows there is a rising demand for the 10-year paper due to the ongoing uncertainty in the euro zone economy being fueled from a slowdown in Germany, a deadlock among politicians on Brexit among others.

Meanwhile, data from Germany’s federal statistics office (Destatis) in February showed that the country narrowly avoided a recession in the fourth-quarter of 2018, with the economy growing 0.0 percent from the previous quarter.

In January, German’s gross domestic product (GDP) grew 1.5 percent in 2018, compared with 2.2 percent growth in 2017. Although it was Germany’s weakest growth in five years, Destatis noted that the economy had still grown for the ninth year in a row.

Adding to the slowdown in Germany is the uncertainty surrounding Britain’s exit from the European Union. In the latest, the European Union agreed to an extension to the date of the U.K.’s withdrawal from the bloc, but said the length of the delay would depend on whether Parliament approves Prime Minister Theresa May’s Brexit deal next week.

All of these factors seem to be adding to investors being cautious in the region. Earlier this month, the euro zone’s central bank slashed its growth forecast for 2019 to 1.1 percent from an earlier forecast of 1.7 percent made in December.

European Central Bank President Mario Draghi warned that there had been a “sizable moderation in economic expansion that will extend into the current year.”

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Underground farming could transform the way your salad is grown

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While we may associate farming with sunshine, fresh air and pretty patches of land, innovation and technology are beginning to change where food is grown.

In London, for instance, one farm is using LED technology and hydroponic systems to produce greens 33-meters below the surface. The company, aptly named Growing Underground, says its process uses 70 percent less water than a traditional, “open-field farming.”

Hydroponics, as the Royal Horticultural Society puts it, relates to “the science of growing plants without using soil, by feeding them on mineral nutrient salts dissolved in water.”

With a focus on reducing food miles, Growing Underground says its produce – which includes mustard leaves, pea shoots and coriander – can be delivered within four hours of picking and packaging.

For several years now, Growing Underground has been collaborating with the University of Cambridge’s Energy Efficient Cities Initiative to analyze a range of data.

“We automatically log temperature and humidity but also manually record crop growth,” Melanie Jans-Singh, a PhD student at Cambridge, told CNBC’s Sustainable Energy.

“We try to analyze all these relationships between energy, crop growth and environmental conditions in order to be able to grow plants as best as possible with a minimal amount of energy,” Jans-Singh added.

The utilization of underused areas of urban space – Growing Underground’s site is located in a former air raid shelter – is set to play an increasingly important role in the way people grow crops.

“The Growing Underground farm is a very good example where a derelict space has been put to good use,” Ruchi Choudhary, reader in architectural engineering at Cambridge, told CNBC.

This idea, Choudhary explained, could be pushed further by tapping into environments that were rich in waste heat and carbon dioxide, such as hospitals and school buildings.

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