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Tear gas fired by Israel Defence Forces (IDF) soldiers arcs down on to the protesters to stop them from getting too close to the fence.

Up to 50 people have been injured in protests at the Gaza border as Palestinians mark what is known as Nakba Day – the 71st anniversary of their displacement.

The Israeli military says 10,000 protesters have gathered along the border fence, which has been the scene of weekly demonstrations over the past year.

Tear gas is fired by IDF soldiers to stop protesters from getting too close to the fence
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Tear gas is fired by IDF soldiers to stop protesters from getting too close to the fence

The confrontation is played out throughout the day as it has been now for many months on the Gaza-Israel border.

The protests that started more than a year ago show no sign of ending and they remain a constant source of friction with Israel.

Today’s was to commemorate the Nakba, the “catastrophe” for Palestinians, in which hundreds of thousands of them fled or were forced from their homes during the violent creation of Israel in 1948.

But the human cost of the demonstrations has been huge in terms of the number of injured and killed.

Up to 50 people, including children, have been injured in protests at the Gaza border
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Up to 50 people, including children, have been injured in protests at the Gaza border

Gaza’s health ministry claims more than 300 people have been killed and more than 7,000 have been wounded with live ammunition since they began.

The injuries are life-changing and at Gaza’s centre for amputees, they are overwhelmed.

17-year-old Mohammed was shot by an Israeli sniper last November – he’s now learning to walk again.

17 year old Mohammed was shot by an Israeli sniper last November - he’s now learning to walk again
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Mohammed, 17, lost a leg when he was shot by an Israeli sniper in 2018

In the area next door, 18-year-old Abdullah is waiting for artificial limbs. He lost both his legs when they were shattered by a bullet.

“What happened against the protesters is barbaric,” he says. “We did not make any danger against the Israeli Defence Force, what they did is a crime against humanity.”

18 year old Abdullah lost both his legs when they were shattered by a bullet
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Abdullah, 18, lost both his legs when they were shattered by a bullet

The IDF defends its use of snipers, claiming the demonstrations are instigated by Hamas and are a cover for terror attacks and its use of arms is restrained.

There is no doubt though that this weekly mass of people on the border is a continuing source of tension.

It’s already sparked military confrontations – the last one saw a rocket fire out of Gaza on to the towns and cities of southern Israel.

There has been rocket fire out of Gaza onto the towns and cities of southern Israel
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There has been rocket fire out of Gaza on to the towns and cities of southern Israel

And retaliatory air strikes – from Israel’s defence forces on what it claims were military targets.

There is now a ceasefire in place but it is far from stable. And with the protests set to continue, the UN is warning the next round of fighting may not be far away.

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Singapore records its largest ever haul of smuggled ivory | World News

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Elephant ivory weighing 8.8 tonnes has been seized in Singapore, with authorities saying the haul is the biggest ever in the city-state’s history.

The elephant tusks were discovered in a Vietnam-bound container from the Democratic Republic of Congo. Also in the illegal cargo were scales from the giant pangolin.

This is the third major seizure of pangolin scales in Singapore in 2019. Altogether, the haul was valued at $48.6m (£39.1m).

(Credit: National Parks Board, Singapore)
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The ivory trade has been largely banned across the world since 1989. Pic: National Parks Board

The haul of ivory came from an estimated 300 elephants, with almost 2,000 giant pangolins believed to have been killed for the 11.9 tonnes of scales found in the raid.

The haul falls just short of the 9.1 tonnes of ivory seized in Vietnam back in March, which the Environmental Investigation Agency said was the largest ever haul in the world.

Close up view of a wild endangered Pangolin head and body - Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe
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The pangolin is the world’s most trafficked mammal and is critically endangered

“The seized pangolin scales and elephant ivory will be destroyed to prevent them from re-entering the market,” the Singapore Customs, Immigration and Checkpoints Authority and the National Parks Board confirmed.

Authorities in Singapore said China’s General Administration of Customs had shared the information about the illegal haul.

MASHATU, BOTSWANA - JULY 26:  at the Mashatu game reserve on July 26, 2010 in Mapungubwe, Botswana. Mashatu is a 46,000 hectare reserve located in Eastern Botswana where the Shashe river and Limpopo river meet. (Photo by Cameron Spencer/Getty Images)
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Save The Elephants says 100,000 elephants were killed for ivory between 2010 and 2012

“The Singapore government adopts a zero-tolerance stance on the use of Singapore as a conduit to smuggle endangered species and their parts and derivatives,” they told local media.

“Our agencies will continue to collaborate and maintain vigilance to tackle the illegal wildlife trade.”

(Credit: National Parks Board, Singapore)
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Ivory and pangolin scales are both used in traditional medicine in certain parts of East Asia and Africa. Pic: National Parks Board

A flurry of seizures of illegal animal products, including rhino horns, have taken place across East Asia in recent months, including in Singapore, Hong Kong, and Vietnam.

Singapore is a part of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which banned the trade of ivory globally in 1989.

Even so, the charity Save The Elephants estimates that 100,000 elephants were killed for their ivory between 2010 and 2012 alone.

The pangolin, meanwhile, is the world’s most trafficked mammal and is critically endangered.

(Credit: National Parks Board, Singapore)
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About 2,000 endangered pangolins are thought to have been killed for the scales in the container. Pic: National Parks Board

The meat of the pangolin is considered a delicacy in some countries, while others believe their scales are able to cure diseases.

However, this has never been proven. The scales of the pangolin are made of keratin, the same material that the human body uses to make hair and fingernails.

Elephant ivory is coveted as it can be made into items such as jewellery and ornaments. The tusks are also occasionally used in traditional Chinese medicine.

Under law in Singapore, the penalty for the illegal import, export and re-export of wildlife is a fine of up to $500,000 SGD (£295,000). Those found guilty also can face two years in prison.

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Li Peng: Chinese premier who ordered Tiananmen Square crackdown dies | World News

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The Chinese premier who ordered a bloody crackdown in Tiananmen Square to counter pro-democracy protests has died.

Li Peng died at the age of 90 on Monday of an unspecified illness.

While he leaves behind a legacy of long-term economic growth, he is best known for his role in the demonstrations that spawned the enduring image of a protester blocking the path of three tanks.

Li Peng, pictured in 2011
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Li Peng, pictured in 2011, became known as the ‘Butcher of Beijing’

Hundreds of thousands of people gathered in the centre of Beijing for a series of protests during the spring and summer of 1989, which were brought to an end in hostile fashion by the military.

Mr Li was broadly disliked by the population as a result of what happened and became known as the “Butcher of Beijing”, but still spent another 13 years at the pinnacle of power before retiring in 2002.

During that period he helped China rise in diplomatic and economic might, a development he proudly celebrated in public statements that were often defiantly nationalistic.

In a 1995 speech to mark the anniversary of the 1949 revolution that brought the ruling Communist Party to power, he celebrated how the country had rid itself from “imperialist bullying, humiliation and oppression”.

Hundreds of thousands of people fill Peking's central Tiananmen Square May 17, 1989
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Hundreds of thousands of people filled the square

He had risen to power as a result of what happened at Tiananmen Square, with pro-reform party leader Zhao Ziyang being toppled for sympathising with the student protesters.

Mr Li, who had become acting premier in November 1987, told student leaders during a confrontational meeting that the situation “will not develop as you wish and expect”.

The next night, he went on national television to announce martial law in the capital “to end the turmoil” – and hundreds of people were killed by troops when they invaded on 3 June.

In a lengthy eulogy read by the state broadcaster CCTV to mark his death, the current regime honoured the “resolute measures” he took to quell the protests.

Tiananmen Square is quiet on the 30th anniversary of a bloody crackdown there
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Tiananmen Square as it looks today

But it was not just Tiananmen that made him unpopular with some.

He spent his final years in power pushing through approval for the multi-billion pound Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River, which forced 1.3 million people to leave homes that were swallowed up by its enormous reservoir.

He eventually stepped down as premier in 1998 to become chairman of the Chinese parliament, before retiring.

Mr Li rarely appeared in public in his later years, usually seen only at official gatherings aimed at displaying unity.

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Unhatched birds can warn other eggs in nest of danger by vibrating | Science & Tech News

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Unhatched baby seabirds can warn each other of impending danger by vibrating within their shells, scientists have discovered.

A study of yellow-legged gull embryos, found they reacted to warning calls from a parent and even passed on the message to siblings who had not heard the call.

The researchers collected gull eggs and divided them into groups of three.

A week before hatching, two of the three eggs in each nest were temporarily removed and exposed to a recording of a predator alarm call.

The noise was delivered four times a day at random intervals for three minutes at a time until hatching.

The third egg from each group remained in the nest in silence.

All three eggs were then reunited and left to hatch.

It was found the embryos responded to the external alarm calls by vibrating more.

This information appeared to be passed on to the third egg which had not been directly exposed to the sounds and it then mimicked the vibrations.

Experts from the Animal Ecology Group at the University of Vigo in Spain discovered all the chicks underwent genetic changes that delayed hatch time.

There was also evidence of increased production of stress hormones which is known to make birds more aware of their surroundings after hatching.

The findings were published in the journal, Nature Ecology and Evolution.

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